The United States Census Bureau and American Community Survey (ACS) provide population estimates for the United States, states, counties, Puerto Rico, municipalities, places, urban areas, and smaller civil divisions. According to the ACS survey, the racial population of Indianapolis is composed of people who identify as White or of European descent, Black or African-American, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander. People who identify as White or of European descent include those who report their race as White or entries such as Irish, German, Italian, Lebanese, Arab, Moroccan, or Caucasian. Those who identify as Black or African-American include those who report their race as Black or African-American, or entries such as African-American, Kenyan, Nigerian, or Haitian.
People who identify as American Indian or Alaska Native include those who report their race as American Indian or Alaska Native or entries such as Navajo groups, Blackfeet, Inupiat, Yup'ik, Central American Indian groups, or South American Indian groups. Lastly, people who identify as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander include those who report their race as Fijians, Guamanians or Chamorras, Marshallese, native Hawaiians, Samoans, Tongans, and other Pacific Islanders. According to the 2019 ACS survey data from the US Census Bureau, the percentage of Blacks in Indianapolis is 24.3%. Data users should be aware of the methodological differences that may exist between different data sources.